History Of Carmel-by-the-Sea

The area known as Carmel-by-The-Sea was discovered by Spanish Explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo in 1542 who sighted the Native American inhabited region from his vessel while sailing up the California Coast. The first European to set foot on the peninsula was Carmelite Friar Sebastian Vizcaino, a Spanish Explorer who named the Carmel Valley in 1602 for his patron saint, Our Lady of Mount Carmel. In 1770 Spanish missionaries colonized the Carmel Valley and by 1821 Mexico gained independence from Spain, and California became a Mexican territory. During the end of the Mexican-American war Mexico ceded California and the region became part of the United States in 1848.

The small town of Carmel-By-The-Sea, or simply Carmel, has a rich artistic history which began in the early 1900's. Carmel is known for its artistic citizens and eight years after the town's founding it was reported that 60% of Carmel's houses were built by citizens who were devoting their lives to the aesthetic arts. Along with a large population of artists the early city councils were dominated by artistic citizens and many public offices were filled by resident artists, actors and poets. One of Carmel's most famous mayors was actor/director Clint Eastwood who served one mayoral term from 1986-1988. Along with the plethora of artistic residents inhabiting Carmel the town is also known for it's 'dog friendly' public policies. Dog lovers can find a multitude of accommodations, restaurants and stores that cater to dog owners and their pooches.